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For GPRA reporting purposes, complying actions are grouped into two general types: direct environmental benefits (DEBs) which reduce, eliminate or treat pollutants; and facility management and information management practices (FMIPs) which do not result in a quantifiable pollutant reduction. DEBs have also been referred to as Physical Actions and as Direct Actions. FMIPs have also been known as Nonphysical Actions and as Indirect Actions. If a case has a complying action in either or both of these categories, we count that case as having a complying action for GPRA purposes.
ICIS Complying Action Types